Tetanus, diphtheria, and pertussis are very serious diseases. Tdap vaccine can protect us from these diseases. And, Tdap vaccine given to pregnant women can protect newborn babies against pertussis.
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Tetanus enters the body through a wound or cut. It affects the brain and nervous system and causes extremely painful muscle spasms. Spasms of the jaw can make it impossible for you to open your mouth. This condition is often called “lockjaw.” Tetanus kills one out of five people infected with the disease.
Diphtheria is a very contagious infection that makes it difficult to breathe. In severe cases, it can cause heart and nerve damage.
Pertussis, or whooping cough, is an extremely contagious respiratory infection that can lead to severe breathing problems, especially in infants. Pertussis first appears like an ordinary cold, but then causes intense, uncontrollable coughing spells. A “whoop” noise is heard when the person tries to take a breath after coughing
What Are the Side Effects and Risks of Tdap and Td?
Like all medicines, vaccines can have side effects. However, the chance of a life-threatening reaction is small. The CDC says the dangers of developing pertussis, tetanus, or diphtheria far outweigh the risks of vaccination.
Mild side effects of Tdap may include:
Pain, redness, or swelling in the arm where the shot was given
Stomach upset, including nausea, vomiting, or diarrhea
The vaccine protects against rotavirus, the leading cause of severe diarrhea in babies and young children around the world and – before the vaccine – in the United States. The virus causes severe diarrhea, fever, vomiting, dehydration, and sometimes death. It's extremely contagious, spreading easily through ordinary person-to-person contact. Good hygiene and sanitation don't effectively stop rotavirus disease, so immunization is your best defense. The vaccine is given orally, and most babies who receive it won't get rotavirus diarrhea at all. Almost all of them will be protected from severe rotavirus diarrhea. According to the U.S. Centers for Disease Control (CDC), before the vaccine came into use in the United States in 2006, rotavirus infected almost all children in the United States by age 5. (Adults can contract it too, but the illness tends to be mild.)
The Hib vaccine protects your child against a severe bacterial infection that mostly affects babies and children under 5 years old. The bacteria can cause epiglottitis (severe swelling in the throat that makes it hard to breathe), a serious form of pneumonia, and a disease called bacterial meningitis. Meningitis is an infection of the membrane covering the brain and spinal cord. Hib meningitis causes death in 1 out of 20 children and permanent brain damage in up to 20 percent of those who survive.
The measles, mumps, and rubella (MMR) vaccine is given as a single injection to prevent measles, mumps, and rubella. Measles, mumps, and rubella are serious diseases. Measles infection is caused by the measles virus. It causes rash, cough, runny nose, eye irritation, and fever. It can progress into a serious illness which may cause ear infection, pneumonia, seizures, brain damage, and even death. Mumps is caused by the mumps virus. It causes fever, headache, muscle pain, loss of appetite, and swollen glands. It can also progress into a serious illness which may cause deafness, infection of the brain and spinal cord (meningitis), painful swelling of the testicles or ovaries, and in rare cases sterility (inability of men to father children). Rubella is caused by the rubella virus. It causes rash, arthritis, and mild fever. Rubella is especially dangerous during pregnancy as it can cause a miscarriage or serious birth defects in the newborn baby.
Typhoid (also called "typhoid fever") is a serious disease caused by Salmonella typhi bacteria. Typhoid can be fatal if left untreated.Typhoid can cause high fever, muscle aches, severe headache, weakness, confusion or agitation, loss of appetite, stomach pain, diarrhea or constipation, and rose-colored spots on the skin.Untreated typhoid infection may lead to kidney failure, or intestinal bleeding caused by perforation (forming of a hole), which can be fatal. If the infection spreads to the gallbladder, the infected person may become a chronic carrier of the bacteria that causes typhoid. A carrier may have no symptoms but is capable of spreading the infection to others. Typhoid is spread through contact with the stool (bowel movements) of a person infected with the bacteria. This usually occurs by eating food or drinking water that has become contaminated with feces from an infected person. Once in the digestive tract, typhoid infection can spread to the blood and other parts of the body.
Traditional trivalent flu shots are available for people 6 months and older. These inactivated flu vaccines do not contain any live influenza viruses and are given by injection. Quadrivalent flu vaccines protect against four strains of influenza viruses. The quadrivalent vaccine now targets a fourth strain, which is a second type B strain, in addition to the other three strains. The pentavalent vaccine is a combination of five vaccines in one: diphtheria, tetanus, whooping cough, hepatitis B and Haemophilus influenza type b (the bacteria that causes meningitis, pneumonia and otitis).
The BCG vaccine is an injection given to children who have a higher risk of catching TB. The BCG vaccine helps your child’s immune system fight the germs that cause TB and helps stop them from getting serious TB disease. The BCG vaccine is FREE for children under five years of age who have a higher risk of catching TB.
Influenza virus (commonly known as "the flu") is a serious disease caused by a virus. Influenza virus can spread from one person to another through small droplets of saliva that are expelled into the air when an infected person coughs or sneezes. The virus can also be passed through contact with objects the infected person has touched, such as a door handle or other surfaces.
Oral Polio Vaccine is used for Polio and other conditions. Oral Polio Vaccine contains Live Attenuated Poliomyelitis Virus as an active ingredient. Oral Polio Vaccine works by providing immunity against polio. Oral Polio Vaccine is used for the treatment, control, prevention, & improvement of the following diseases, conditions and symptoms
It is essential that anyone who has potentially been exposed to rabies virus or Australian bat lyssavirus (ABLV) be protected against these diseases through the appropriate use of rabies vaccine and human rabies immunoglobulin (HRIG). Potential exposure occurs when people are bitten or scratched by animals that may be infected, or when animals that may be infected lick a person’s broken skin or mucous membranes (eyes, nose or mouth).